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Poland ahead of RES plans development? It is a myth!

Poland ahead of RES development plans? It is a myth!
Yesterday we announced the analysis of the situation on the Polish market of “green” energy. Today we offer your attention the report.
According to the Ministry of Energy Poland is well ahead of the renewable energy development plans. The problem is that the Ministry estimates that, based on outdated information, without tracing dynamics of change and only looks at one of the three sectors. How far the Poland from goal for 2020?

rynek_ceny energii dla przemyslu 2016Energy Minister Christopher Thurzhevsky urged recently from rostrum that Poland is much higher than the country needs the participation of “green” energy, which is why consumers are suffering. Earlier, the media wrote about the myth of burden means “green” energy of the Polish industry, as a result of showing that the most energy-intensive businesses pay due renewable energy is many times less than the bill for current. The cost of energy for them, considering, together with subsidies, adopted in renewable energy, has fallen over the past five years at about 24%.

oze_udzial_w_polsce_2016We also decided to do another thesis – a significant excess of RES participation. Especially that according to Vice-Minister of Energy Andrzej Pyotrovsky Poland is well ahead of plans for the production of “green” energy, and there is no reason for concerns regarding the failure to reach the goal of 15% participation of renewable energy in 2020. As he assures responsible department for renewable energy could nearly all the staff to go on vacation for two years, and Poland, and so reached the goal, which, however no one will do. In the Seym there is an amendment to the law on renewable energy, which is to change the system of support for technologies that produce “green” current.
The thesis of the Ministry of the preliminary heat of renewable energy development plans, unfortunately, is far from reality. In 2014 (the ministry has still not taking into account the data of journalists in 2015) attended the energy from renewable sources accounted for 11.45%, which is exactly as long as prescribed government plan. A year earlier, with the participation of renewable energy with 11.35% Poland really was ahead of the planned indicators. If this trend will occur in the next five years, Poland will not carry out the goal.
Energy Minister was not wrong, however, to mention that Poland achieves the goal – only to talk about achieving the minimum target below which Poland may damage the obligations of the European Union. This goal for Poland was 9.54% in 2014. Below the threshold, at least in the whole European Union, there is only one country – the Netherlands. The rest of the state is cross it very much. Each third country of the European Union has reached its ultimate goal, even for 2020. Among them, the vast majority of this country with Central and Eastern Europe – Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Romania, Lithuania, Estonia and Croatia.
From the thesis advancing goals for two years? This is just one sector – electricity. In the heat sector the situation is slightly better, but can worsen depending on the results of the questionnaire (which will be discussed below). But in the transport sector is a very bad situation and Poland are significantly below target. Energy Ministry in its statements and recent legislative activities focuses primarily on the electricity sector, while the other two sectors should be responsible for two-thirds of the overall goal of renewable energy in Poland in 2020 in the amount of 15%.
2014: Rates slightly above the target
of “green” electricity, which is based on the Ministry, contains long-irrelevant data. It was made on the basis of Poland’s energy forecast to 2030 (PEP 2030). This way, approved by the government in 2009 is very unreliable. According to the 2030 PEP consumption of electric power in 2015 was to make 152.8 TWh, while the real figures were 161.4 TWh (according to the Polish electricity networks), or 164.4 TW (according to the Energy Market Agency). To achieve the goal of electricity Poland will, therefore, require much larger amounts of “green” energy than it is spelled out in the government plan (the so-called KPD). As can be seen in the end of the European Commission’s statistics – in 2014 instead of the substantial advance the goal (at a rate of 12.2%), Poland barely crossed it (12.4%).


2015: Significantly exceeding the goal
With this Energy Agency market follows that participation in renewable energy consumption of electric energy in 2015 year (the 13,7%) and above the target (13%). It happened thanks to a much more rapid development of wind power and wind only excellent performance of the year.

2016: Slightly below target
This yearis the situation, however, is worse. Given the very low support, coal-fired power limited biomass processing. In addition, given the continuing drought, this year could be the third in a row with a decline in the production of hydroelectric power plants. A significant increase in production (at worst wind indicators) are only wind power. At best, the production of “green” power in 2016 will remain at the previous level. Meanwhile, energy consumption increases significantly – in the first four months already at 2.18%. Growing up as targets of RES participation – this year is 13.85%. Most likely it will not be able to achieve them.

2017-2018: Significantly below target
Meanwhile, even worse is going to be 2017. Introduction to the life of the new support system will break the development of renewable energy. Will build only those facilities that will be supported at auction. One or two of the first auction be held in this year, but will cover the small amounts of energy (according to our information, it may be auctions, which have the greatest chance of biogas and solar plants). Larger auctions should be carried out only in the coming year, and shall be elected the biomass, biogas, or hybrid systems – their construction and start-up take up to two years. So, if all goes according to plan, they will only work in 2019. Meanwhile, the purpose of participation “green” energy 2017 and 2018 will grow – according from 14.68% to 15.64%.

2019: Space in 7 TWh to cover auctions
In 2019, when will begin work the plants of the first large-scale renewable energy auctions, the goal will account for 16.78%, and the production of “green” energy will continue to hover around even indicators 2015-2016. However, taking into account the 2% annual growth in energy consumption will fall to 12.6% in 2019 RES participation in the electricity sector. The output of “green” power will be 7 TWh – this annual production is necessary to contract auctions in future years. For comparison, last year’s production of biogas plants in Poland amounted to 0.8 TWh, 1.8 TWh of hydropower plants, and all plants on biomass 4.5 TWh. Much more energy produced from biomass, and 10.8 TWh given wind farm.


Heat from renewable energy sources – it’s a lottery

Prospect of the renewable energy target in the heating and cooling sector doesn’t look better. In 2014, there was reached 13.95% share of “green” heat towards basing 13.29%. The problem is that the vast majority of the sector – this is pure statistics. The government counts all goals of renewable energy biomass burned in Polish homes, even in wood ovens. Since no one is able to control, based on calculations carried out every three years, a survey of HUS. The latter institution held in January 2016. The results will be known at the end of the year. Depending on how answered about 5 thousand respondents (for about 13600000 households in Poland), production of “green” heat in Poland may change significantly. Differences not trivial, since this type of renewable energy is responsible for more than 60% of the total Polish goal.

Biofuels amendment
Large enough renewable energy deficit of Poland in the transport sector. Spaces are not filling biofuels. As a result, instead of the planned on 2014 7.48%, Poland has reached only 5.67%, and the direction of change is negative. Poland hasn’t received authorization provisions of the growth of II generation of national product biofuels (waste), and without that further growth will not be possible in the segment, as according to new directive in 2020 biofuels, the participation and the transport sector can’t exceed 7 percent to 10% of the total purpose. The adoption of the relevant law in the list of postponed legislative work in the last quarter of this year.
Meanwhile, according to our interlocutor, who is engaged in the biofuel market in Poland without very quick and decisive action of the Ministry, Poland doesn’t reach the goal of 10% participation of “green” energy in transport, which is mandatory for every state member of the EU. Not in favor of Poland and accepted in a transitional period. According to it until 2020, the sale of gasoline with the addition thereto of 10% ethanol requires sales to customers as a fuel with 5% bio-fuel. Meanwhile, fuel stations and distribution centers don’t have individual storage to the last type of fuel. Besides the logistics of distribution and sales of the two types of gasoline (including a premium gasoline, then, actually, three) too expensive. As a result, in fact, all sellers in country offer customers only gasoline with 5% ethanol.
In Poland, there is also no proper supervision on biofuel market and European producers complained to Poland European Commission, since their assessment of Poland is the huge amount of biofuels that were allegedly intended to implement “green” goals at the wholesale level, and later were sold to customers . From the point of view of the target can be problematic as it is very important for the government and the state budget, sealing the western and southern borders to the influx of fuels to the gray zone. When their sale will be taken into account in the balance of consumption, Poland will require much larger volumes of biofuels to accomplish the goal for 2020.


Expensive deficit
According to EU directive state member of the EU, which itself doesn’t carry out the requirements of the participation of “green” energy for 2020 should secure such participation through statistical transfers from other countries. The benefit for Poland can operate fact that many countries need to step their goals, but the whole European Union is likely to be to dispose of excess eco-energy, which will be traded. This is keep the prices within the transfer, but the overall quota, depending on the final release 2020 can be estimated at millions or even billions of zlotys.
The government should make a serious review of previous priorities of RES support policies, its effectiveness, and provide real opportunities to achieve the goals, broken down by sector. The more that the European Community has conditions to the next goal – 27% share of “green” energy to 2030, and then, obviously, will come next. The fact of advancing the development of renewable energy in the majority of its neighbors Poland through failure reach the goals for 2020 Poland could lose the sympathy of many allies.

In Japan, number of electric filling stations became more than petrol filling stations


Japan – is one of the first countries in the world, which started widely used cars on alternative fuels, and can now serve as an example of how quickly you can build the infrastructure for charging electric vehicles, says the publication Transport Evolved.

Looking at a map of Japan charging stations, you can see many stations CHAdeMO DC of fast charging, cover every important route from north to south and from east to west. This was possible to made in part thanks to government initiatives to support electric cars, in part due to national, rather than regional approach to infrastructure charging stations.

At the beginning of 2015, in Japan, there were more than 2819 stations of fast charging CHAdeMO DC across the country, while in Europe the figure is only 1 532 stations, and in the US only – 854. According to Nissan’s all in Japan there are approximately 40,000 charging stations for electric vehicles of various types, while gasoline filling stations about 34,000 units.

Also recently in Japan gaining popularity sites like PlugShare.com, where people offer take advantage of their private charging stations for electric vehicles, one of altruism, for some it’s a profitable business.

But despite the fact that the electric charging stations in Japan are now more common than gasoline, the number of electric vehicles on the roads is still in small percentage of all vehicles registered in the country. Therefore network of electric charging stations has yet significantly grow and evolve as pour in tank gasoline or diesel is still much faster than the cars refuel at the station even fast charging CHAdeMO DC.

Besides electric cars gaining in popularity in Japan cars on hydrogen engine. The country is investing heavily in fuel cell technology and infrastructure of hydrogen filling stations in the national support program “Hydrogen society”. According to the government plan, the fuel with zero emissions in the future will be able carry more and more function – except for electric vehicles with fuel cells, it can also nurture houses.

Is it possible quickly implement the energy revolution?


The transition to clean energy can be done quickly enough if a concerted effort will be made to do so.

This is according to a study which conducted at the University of Sussex.

Thus, the researchers argue that humanity would eliminate the use of coal and oil as an energy source, for about a decade. In history there are already examples of such changes.

According to Professor Benjamin Sovakoola (Benjamin Sovacool), the evolution of energy are fast enough when there is a combination of “decisive government intervention” and economic or environmental stimuli. For example, the Province of Ontario in Canada declined from coal power for 11 years, and the share of nuclear power in France reached 40% within 12 years. In case of useful energy sources, there has been a combination of factors: fear due to possible climate change, reduction of fossil resources, advanced technologies to make the transition to new energy sources.

It is noted that the transition to new energy sources can be quite slow when development is carried out in a natural way without stimulation. An example of this is called the widespread introduction of electricity, which took several decades. But the situation changes dramatically when the concentration and coherence.

Despite the fact that electric vehicles and renewable energy sources are increasingly penetrate into our lives, there is considerable resistance to progress. Basically, we are talking about the industry for the extraction of fossil fuels (and the relevant political forces that protect them).

Also accelerate the transition to use of ecological energy sources might be different regulations. However, there is another obstacle in the path to a brighter future of alternative energy. Developing countries seldom have the luxury of eliminating the use of fossil energy sources. For them, it is too expensive, and this failure can result in a large number of people who don’t have access to reliable energy services. Thus accelerated transition to alternative energy sources can’t occur as long as the political and economic advantages become apparent change even for opponents.

What generates the sunlight?


Society have long come to the fact that a number of things can and should be altered. As a vivid example, waste paper, glass bottles, cardboard containers and so on. There actually has no limits. In this context, thinking and solar panels.

Scientists at Cambridge University have recently asked ourselves and came to the conclusion that there is a material capable to process a significant amount of light photons, which in turn is a prerequisite to ensure that the solar cells and solar panels become more efficient compared with existing ones.

Perovskite – material with which the researchers worked. It has been in use as solar panel. It turned remarkable property that was not previously seen. There is a feeling that as soon as the sun’s rays touch perovskite, they are transformed into electrical energy.

As for the features, they consist in the fact that the collision with the surface of the rays is not completely change their shape. Some of them goes into electricity, and a portion returns to the photons. If based on this hold solar panels, which have all possible photons for re-operation, the power will go a few times more.

Thus, this process demonstrates the advantages of the material. Methods for its preparation are available, and if you take into account the advantages that they create, the efficiency of future solar cells will be achieved.
Through experiment, in which “part” laser, it was proved that the light is re-emitted.

The head of the research group, represented by Luis Miguel Pazos Outona argues that the effectiveness of the new solar cell having a high-energy property, can’t exist without the processing of photons. And it was also noted that the current materials, which are in the solar panels don’t work very well. All of this suggests that it is time to change something.
Thus, getting many types of renewable energy, a person begins upgrade all this by making the most efficient.

Professor of Harvard University: solar panels will provide cheap energy


Over the past few years, solar panels have become cheap, cheap enough source of energy to affect some of the energy markets, cheap enough to get continuous improvement, change in a decade on the world energy market, – says David Keith, professor of Harvard University, was awarded for its technological advances by Massachusetts Institute of technology and the weekly TIME.

Professor David Keith, who for many years engaged in the research, such as physics and solar energy, acknowledges that a few years ago looked skeptical on the possibility of solar panels and made a forecast reduction of income from solar energy. Development of solar panels market in recent years has shown, however, that the Harvard professor in his judgments with respect to solar energy was very wrong.

David Keith is now writes in his blog that the market of solar energy in the previous years there was basically due to tax incentives and feed-in tariffs, which, however, in his view, didn’t provide for the further development of technology and didn’t have contribute to the generation of this market by technological breakthroughs which would lead to the cost of solar energy that can compete with other sources in the wholesale market.

Professor of Harvard University admits now that his perception of solar energy prospects a few years ago was

I was wrong. Facts have changed. Several years ago, the cost of industrial systems was two times higher than at present. Solar modules currently cost about $ 0.5 / watt. Non-subsidized energy from industrial farms in prime locations fell today below $ 40 / MWh and can easily still fall to $ 20 / MWh by 2020, compared with other energy sources, it will provide cheap energy on the planet – commented scientist on his blog.
As Harvard professor came the opportunity to produce energy for the incredible price of only $ 20 / MWh (approx. 500 UAH / MWh)?

First of all, it is worth noting that, according to Harvard University professor, such a price would be in the best possible, mostly sunny places. However, the result of an American professor of analysis can also be promising for solar energy in the region.

David Keith provides that the cost of solar industrial installations (with a capacity of more than 50 MW), built on a single-axis trackers, is approx. US $ 1500 / kW, whereas the same setup with no tracking system can cost $ 1,000 / kW. In addition, power factor, real, for the best places in the United States, as well as for installation on trackers, professor at Harvard University estimates about approx. 30 percent. A solar power actual efficiency is determined at above 20 percent.

In view of the above data, David Keith predicts that the cost of energy from industrial installations for photovoltaic trackers that work in the most sunny regions of the USA, may be 34 USD / MW.

Then, professor at Harvard University suggests that will fall to the level of $ 1000 / kW, while the level of capacity utilization will be in the best solar locations 34 percent by 2020, the cost of commercial solar plants installations on trackers (with capacity of more than 100 MW). In such situation, in his opinion, will be available to the cost of energy produced at $ 20 / MWh.

David Keith notes that the trackers is an important component of capital expenditures, however, believes that the savings from economies of scale can provide a reduction in their cost of up to $ 100 / kW.
Harvard professor outlining the optimistic view of the decline in solar energy cost, yet doesn’t ignore the problems faced by the industry.

Cheap solar energy, however, doesn’t solve the problem of instability of this energy. (…) In the long term, we need easily accessible, one-time sources of energy in the demand centers. This will require the use of gas for peak demand, energy storage, and transmission over long distances. Most of the world demand in those areas where sunlight is at least 40 percent worse than in good locations, which are located in Mexico, Southern California, the Middle East and Australia. But this means that we can now build a solar system in the best sunny places and make very low cost electric energy – says David Keith.

A researcher from Harvard University believes that in the short term, the generation of solar variability issue can be effectively addressed through the provision due to the gas turbines, as well as, according to experts, such a mechanism can work, when production in the energy sector will be reduced by one third from the current level .

The professor Keith said, ultimately, the solution to this problem requires the transmission system to be used for the transport of cheap energy of the sunniest regions in places where there is the greatest demand.
What consequences can be case for the global energy system?

David Keith provides that solar energy will change the shape of the energy markets in the sunniest regions. The energy in these markets can be a cheap source in the middle of the day, this trend is already evident in the energy market in California. In his opinion, the place on such markets will lose the wind, for which, as estimates Keith, expenses remained virtually unchanged in recent years. Another finding is the negative impact of the development of solar generation in these regions for nuclear technology and CCS, which may prove to be an unbeatable combination of solar and back-up energy in the form of gas generation.

The second fundamental result of increasing the competitiveness of solar energy, according to a professor at Harvard University, is the possibility of partial transfer of demand for electricity in the regions with cheap energy.

One option is to find products that require energy-intensive manufacturing processes and construction of photovoltaic farms close to them, in areas with high sun exposure – says Keith. If you want a stable environment, humanity must reduce CO2 emissions to zero. And if we rely on well-being and a sufficient amount of energy, which will increase the standard of living of the poorest sections of the population, the demand for it will be twice as (…) the climate is not the only problem. Power systems have a variety of social and environmental costs.

Energy independence: 97.14% of the electricity in Costa Rica – alternative


During the first three months of the year, Costa Rica has been able hold 97.14 percent of energy power from renewable energy sources, reported today Costa Rican Institute of Electrification (ICE).

According to the National Energy Management Center, 65.62 percent of electricity is generated by hydroelectric power plants, 15.60% – windmills, 13.70 percent – geothermal energy, 2.2% – biomass, 0.02% – solar energy.

In addition to electricity production in the country from these five sources, use of fossil fuels is regarded as a last resort backup and power generation.

“The strategic location of our reservoirs allows us to capture the greatest amount of precipitation in mountainous areas, especially those that are filled with rain of Caribbean” – said Carlos Manuel Obregon, CEO of ICE.

Doors are capable of producing electricity


In everyday life, people often don’t notice what can be useful not only in it usual form. This example relates to the doors, producing electricity. How does this happen?

Many households no doubt dreaming reduce their electricity costs. Of course, this can be achieved in various ways, but would like to see no harm to business and environment were not at the same time suffered. The unexpected decision is conventional doors. Passing through them, a person can become a reason for the creation of energy. It is not necessary, many times and often go through the doorway. For example, it can work effectively this principle, when it comes about shopping malls, where walking is not one person, and the crowd. It is for these spaces there is the plan to install the door, which made electricity.

Author of technology Revolution Door – «Fluxxlab». The principle of operation of the interior of an object is quite simple: the output is built into the device, and will convert the kinetic energy into electrical energy. If you place the door in areas with high traffic, then we can hope for that the output decent savings will be obtained.

Thus, the various nuclear power plants, thermal and oil gradually replaced by more environmentally friendly facilities, as without electricity people could not survive in the modern world.

In 2015, employment in the renewable energy sector reached 8.1 million people


According to the most recent report of the International Agency of Renewable Energy (IRENA) in the global sector of renewable energy of employment last year reached 8.1 million people (excluding hydropower sector, where there are employed about 1.3 million people). This increase by 5% the previous year. The report on employment in the sector of renewable energy last year was published in IRENA on the occasion of the 11th meeting of the Soviet of the organization.

As says the director of IRENA, Adnan S. Anin “Continuous growth of employment in renewable significant sector as standing in opposition to the work market in the whole energy sector. The increase in the employment level in this area is associated with the means of technologies related to renewable energy sources and contributing to the policy states, which supports renewable energy technology.

We expect that this trend will be maintained for a long time, together with the strengthening of renewable sources in the markets due to the way an attempt to achieve the goals identified in Paris.”

As we read in the report the number of jobsites in the energy sector in the last year it has fallen in comparison with the year 2014, but the number of jobsites in the renewable energy sector has grown. For example, in the United States, employment growth in the renewable energy sector amounted to 6 simultaneous decline in the sector, which associated with the combustion of fossil (oil and gas) fuel was 18. A similar situation is observed in China – in the renewable energy sector brought to the 3.5 million new workers, and in petrochemical sector is only 2.6 million.

In that one, which concludes 2015 report, we read that the highest growth dynamics in the solar energy sector in comparison with previous years was observed in Japan and the United States. Chinese market despite the increase indicates a certain stabilization in turn. European labor market in the solar energy sector demonstrates once again the decline of employment. To wind it was, however, a record year. Contributed to this especially China, showing a record growth in this segment.

As in previous years, programs that provide support for renewable energy are the key to increasing employment in these sectors. Shares of RES support in India, Brazil, the tax incentives in the United States and a number of support programs in Asia – they all contribute to the increase in the number of people, who working in this sector.

Countries in which employment in the renewable energy sector in 2015 was the largest, are China, Brazil, USA, India, Japan and Germany. Of all the renewable energy market sectors more employment we can observe on enterprises related to solar energy, which employed 2.8 million people (2.5 million in 2014). These data summarize the persons, who employed in the manufacture, installation and monitoring of solar energy systems.

Others, in turn, is a sector of the biofuel industry, which have 1700000 employed people. In third place of ranking is the employment in the wind energy sector.

“Despite the changes in the energy market, employment in the field of renewable energy remains at a high level,” concludes Adnan Amin. Conducted “analyzes IRENA allow us to estimate that up to the year 2030 renewable energy percentage in the global energy mix will double, enabling the full realization of the goals set for the protection of climate change This development transfers to the creation of many new jobsites in the renewable energy sector – To 2030 year must be with them more than 24 million “as delivers the director of IRENA.

Solar power costs decreased by 50% and can compete with coal-fired power plants


Another record of decreasing in the cost of solar power was set by renewable energy professionals in the United Arab Emirates. According to them, the fall of the growth of this industry is left behind, and now they are ready to offer “clean” energy of the sun, the cost of which may be quite competitive even with coal-fired power.

During the tender of control of electric – water supply Dubai (DEWA) for the construction of the third stage of the 800-megawatt SES Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum has offered a price of 2.99 cents per kilowatt-hour. This is on 15 percent lower than the previous record set in Mexico in the last month, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance.


For comparison, in the USA solar power plants supply electricity to industrial scale at an average price of 5 cents per kWh, taking advantage of government subsidies and tax breaks. In this case, the cost of solar energy is estimated without any government subsidies.

Thus, the cost of the cheapest offers in the market of solar power has fallen by almost 50% over the past year. This is the lowest price of clean energy, recorded today. But the record is unlikely to last long. For tenders 2015 and 2016 there has been a tendency to a sharp decline in prices in the United States and other countries. Over the past 16 months, the cost of electricity in the same Dubai fell almost doubled.

According to the analyst Jenny Chase BNEF (Jenny Chase), many developers of systems for generating solar power in the pursuit of prestige began to significantly reduce prices. “In fact, it is very risky, because no one knows how it will work,” – said Chase.

In addition, now on the background of the bankruptcy of the largest developer of systems for solar power generation SunEdison Inc. It is already possible to call into question the fact, be cheaper projects profitable. In turn, the collapse of the largest global banks forced to reconsider the policy of funding renewable energy projects.


Previously, the company ACWA Power International of Saudi Arabia has set a record in January 2015, proposing to build SES in Dubai with energy at a price of 5.85 cents per kilowatt-hour. At that time, it was the lowest cost in the world.

But in the summer 2015 the city administration of Austin (TX) has received a proposal for the construction of stations, almost 1,300 MW of electricity tariffs is less than $ 0.04 / kWh (with subsidies). Shortly thereafter, it became known that the power company NV Energy has agreed to purchase electricity from the 100-megawatt plant First Solar for $ 0.0387 / kWh.

The commission of experts in Dubai is now examine the technical and commercial details of each offer. According to rumors, the lowest price of 2.99 cents per kVt⋅year suggested Abdul Latif Jameel Company Consortium (Saudi Arabia) + Fotowatio Renewable Ventures (Spain) + Masdar (UAE). Second place with a price of 3.65 cents per kVt⋅year ranked company JinkoSolar (China), the third place with a price of 3.95 cents – a consortium of Acwa Power Company and First Solar (USA). Dubai authorities plan that solar power Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum with total capacity of 3 GW will be built by 2030, the volume of investments is estimated at $ 3 billion.

The biggest solar farm built in South America


In Chile, was built the largest in the Americas solar farm, capacity is 160 MW. Soon, this achievement may improve following huge farms that are being built in Chile, as well as in other countries of the region.

The largest solar farm in Chile’s region built Antofagasta. The investment called Finis Terrae realized Italian energy group Enel brokered by their local union Enel Green Power Chile. The investment was worth 270 million USD.

Chile – is one of the most heated by the sun place in the world, and in additional benefits gives comparatively large height. The same impression is made and served by Enel forecast of annual energy production. Finis Terrae farm should produces 400 GWh of electricity per year, which corresponds to needs of the nearly 200 thousand Chilean households.

How the Union Enel submit in message, energy of this solar farm be sold to the network on the basis of long-term agreement PPA.

Enel already owns renewable energy with a total capacity of about 880 MW in Chile, of which 364 MW – a wind farm of 430 MW – a solar farm and 92 MW – is hydroelectric. In the process of implementation are projects with a potential of 300 MW. Among them is the first project on the continent, a geothermal power plant, whose capacity will reach 48 MW.

The boom on solar energy in Chile should soon lead to the construction of more large farms. The following year, a power plant with a capacity of 196 MW wants to put into operation in this country Spanish Acciona. The farm is located on an area of ​​280 hectares, should cost 343 million dollars.

The market of solar energy in Chile for several years goes through a period of rapid development. Policy of the Chilean government contributes to this, which is renewable sees a chance solve the energy problems of the country, with insufficient production forces, as well as underdeveloped transfer network.

A similar trend picks in the end the authorities of other countries in the region – Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina. The Argentine government announced the auction company, in which will bring together developers of renewable energy. By sharing in the auction, scheduled for September this year, has the potential to 1 GW. The government in Buenos Aires estimates the price of an investment of 2 billion. US dollars.

Purposefully Argentina wants to have until the year 2025 the potential for 10 GW, where 3 GW should be the subject of the auction in the next two years.